Institutions are now aware of the crucial role of SMES in territorial dynamics within European regions. Concretely, the Union has set five ambitious objectives -on employment, innovation, education, social inclusion and climate/energy -to be reached by 2020. Each Member State has adopted its own national targets in each of these areas. During the "Regional innovation strategies for smart specialization", the European Commission launched the smart specialisation platform with the aim of facilitating the industrial modernization of the regions.
The relationship between Regions and SMEs has become more important with the implementation of the French law NOTre (new territorial organization of France Republic); the responsibility of the Regions' have been have extended and diversified.
To what extent the EU with its Regional Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation linked with the Regions may act for supporting and funding SMEs ?